Kumite (Sparing):

Kumite or sparing is the final part of karate and where all the basics of karate come to use and kumite is what most people would want to do to test their techniques. However, in the art of Karate, there are different types and levels of sparing depends on the style the main two ways of sparing Yaksusoku kimte (promised to spare) and jiyu Kumite (free sparring).

Yakusoku Kumite:

Yakusoku Kumite or promised sparing is sparing with an opponent in a way that it’s almost choreographed. And there are two sides in the fight

  1. The Attacker.

  2. The Defender.

The yakusoku kumite is one way to practice the techniques of karate especially the ones that can not be used in the free sparing for they are dangerous and could cause severe injuries or even death. There are two types of yakusoku kumite.

  1. choreographed.

  2. Non choreographed or semi choreographed.

In the choreographed type of both the attacker and the defender will know what is coming and move in specific steps as taught in the dojo.

In the non-choreographed yakusoku kumite, there will still be an attacker and a defender but the movement will be random to test the reflex of the fighter and improve it and keep the training as real as possible.

There are different types of yakusokukumite and they are as following:

  1. Ippon Kumite - one step sparring, typically used for self-defense drills.

  2. Sanbon Kumite - three-step sparring, typically used to develop speed, strength, and technique.

  3. Gohon Kumite - five-step sparring, pre-arranged attack, and counter exercises.

  4. Kiso Kumite - structured sparring drawn from a kata.

  5. Jiyu ippon kumite - one step semi-free sparring.

  6. Kaeshi ippon kumite – one step sparring with a counterattack.

  7. Okori jiyu ippon Kumite- semi-free sparring with multiple counter attacks.

And like yakusoku kimte there are different types of jiyu kumite in karate and they are as follow:

  1. Kyogi - sporting competition: In this type of kumite there will be two fighters and referee and it would be for competition purposes so the one that scores the most will win.

  2. Budo kumite – martial arts sparring: In this type of sparing referee is not needed and the fight is purpose is to improve the techniques and to become a better fighter.

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